An experimental study on thermal performance of nano fluids in microchannel heat exchanger

Nandy Setiadi Djaya Putra, Wayan Nata Septiadi, Gerry Julian, Ary Maulana, Ridho Irwansyah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The enhancement of heat transfer performance in heat exchanger is achieved by reducing the size of the hydraulic diameter or by using a working fluid that has a better thermal conductivity compared to conventional working fluids. The application of a small hydraulic diameter can be found in the microchannel heat exchanger (MCHE). The design and the testing of the MCHE were done in this research. The MCHE was tested with several working fluids, such as the distilled water, the Al2O3-water nanofluids at 1%, 3% and 5% volume concentration, and the SnO2-water nanofluids at 1% volume concentration. The temperature of inlet and outlet were set at 50°C and 25°C, respectively. The variations of flow rate at the inlet were applied from 100 ml/min up to 300 ml/min. The addition of nanoparticle in the base fluid was proven to improve the heat transfer of the MCHE, the 5% Al2O3-water and 1% SnO2-water nanofluids are able to absorb the heat 9% and 12% higher than the base fluid. The overall heat transfer coefficient of MCHE with 5% Al2O3-water and 1% SnO2-water nanofluids were 13% and 14% higher than the base fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-177
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Technology
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Heat transfer
  • Microchannel heat exchanger
  • Nano fluids
  • Pressure drop

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