Objective: This paper evaluates faecal sludge management at the household level in the collection and emptying based on economic status, household member and house ownership in West Sumatera and Lampung. Methods: Data collection was carried out from household survey data collection. The variables of this study were the level of safety of sludge management on the environment and the economic and social level of household demographics. Result: The level of safety of sludge management in the environment at the household level in West Sumatra were at the lowest level. The majority of households had not manage the sludge in collection and desludging of septic tanks was 49–70%. The safe level of sludge management reached only 12–28%. Conclusion: The study reveals the majority of households in both provinces do not have proper FSM in collection and emptying.
- Faecal sludge management
- Sustainable development
- Universal access to sanitation