An Ecofeminism Perspective: A Gendered Approach in Reducing Poverty by Implementing Sustainable Development Practices in Indonesia

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Abstract

Gender mainstreaming is one of the Indonesian central government’s alternative programs to achieve gender equality. Gender inequality is experienced by women, especially in underprivileged conditions. Gender mainstreaming to address environmental concerns and the lagging and oppression of the environment’s development. Moreover, women, as pioneers of their households, must find ways to survive in environments where massive exploitation has drastically reduced the ability to access natural resourses as a daily support system. It is important that equitable development for all genders to provide a sound environment and create a creative economy to improve living standards takes place. This research employs a qualitative method, an interview conducted with one informant from Deputy Assistant of Gender Equality in Infrastructure and Environment, Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection of the Republic of Indonesia, as well as literature research. This approach discusses the correlation between women and the environment in development to reduce poverty. Ecofeminist theory is used as a foundation to guide this research; therefore, this theoretical base provides a general description of the results regarding the correlation between women and the environment in terms of reducing poverty towards sustainable development in Indonesia. The Ministry of Environment and Forestry, the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection of the Republic of Indonesia, NGOs and communities (women) are involved in increasing gender participation to reduce poverty in several Indonesian districts. Nevertheless, it must be emphasized that each stakeholder has a role in development, including in monitoring law enforcement and related policy instruments. In this case the ecofeminism perspective is seen as an alternative to rehabilitating the environment to create a sustainable way of living, especially in terms of reducing poverty, in Indonesia. Aligned with gender mainstreaming in social capital, ecofeminism aims to empower women to preserve the natural environment or natural resources that will be managed by women in the local community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-228
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of International Women's Studies
Volume22
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Ecofeminism
  • Gender
  • Poverty
  • Sustainable development

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