An Analysis of Local Taxes Revenue’s Effect on Human Development Index. Regional tax reform in Indonesia has been ongoing for approximately twenty years. The aim of the tax reform is to increase regional revenues from tax which will be used society’s welfare through regional development, which can be measured by Human Development Index (HDI). This study aims to analyse the effect of local tax revenue on HDI in Indonesia. Quantitative research method is used with unit of analysis of thirty-four provinces in Indonesia in 2013-2016, with a total of 134 observations. Secondary data is processed through panel data regression using random effect method. This study finds that local tax revenue has a significant positive effect on HDI. This study also finds that economic growth and unemployment rates have no significant effect on HDI, while gini ratio has a significant negative effect on HDI.