Extraction of a natural tooth that results in a reduction in the height and width of the alveolar ridge is referred to as an alveolar bone deformity, which creates an aesthetic problem. Alveolar bone deformities can be minimized by alveolar ridge preservation (ARP). The objective of this study is evaluating two different graft materials, allograft and alloplastic bone substitutes, for ARP. A 49-year-old female patient required a replacement of her left mandibular first premolar (tooth 34) with a dental implant. An intraoral examination revealed a radix at 34. A 67-year-old male presented with the complaint of a fractured tooth (tooth 36) and requested a dental implant. In Case 1, atraumatic extraction of radix 34 was performed simultaneously with a partial thickness flap. Allograft material was augmented in the socket, and the wound was covered by an equine-derived pericardium membrane and sutured. In Case 2, atraumatic extraction of tooth 36 was performed simultaneously with ARP using alloplastic material and collagen. The bio-col technique was applied. The use of allograft and alloplastic bone substitute materials in ARP can prevent loss of alveolar bone height and width.
|Title of host publication||Case Reports in Dentistry|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Jul 2018|
- Alveolar ridge preservation
- Bio-col technique
- Socket preservation