Alpha-mangostin improves cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis and associated biochemical parameters in high-fat/high-glucose diet and low-dose streptozotocin injection-induced type 2 diabetic rats

Vivian Soetikno, Andriyani Murwantara, Prisma Andini, Fabrian Charlie, Gilbert Lazarus, Melva Louisa, Wawaimuli Arozal

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Abstract

Purpose: The aim of present study was to analyze the effect of alpha-mangostin on cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis and biochemical parameters in high-fat/high-glucose diet and low-dose streptozotocin injection (HF/HG/STZ)-induced type 2 diabetic rats. Methods: Diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats by giving a combination of high-fat/high-glucose (HF/HG) diet for 3 weeks and followed by low-dose streptozotocin intraperitoneal injection (STZ; 35 mg/kg) at Week-3 and the HF/HG diet was continued until 8 weeks. The diabetic rats were then divided into four groups (each, n=6): untreated diabetic group (HF/HG/ STZ); diabetic group treated with metformin 200 mg/kg/day (HF/HG/STZ+Metformin); diabetic group treated with alpha-mangostin 100 mg/kg/day (HF/HG/STZ+AM100); and diabetic group treated with alpha-mangostin 200 mg/kg/day (HF/HG/STZ+AM200) and all were given by oral gavage for 8 weeks. We also included a control group (C) treated with AM200 (C+AM200). The role of alpha-mangostin was assessed through its effect on blood glucose levels, HOMA-IR, blood pressure, body weight, pro-inflammatory cytokines in cardiac tissue, serum aminotrans-ferases (ALT and AST), lipid profiles (cholesterol and triglyceride), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), uric acid, cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. Results: Diabetic rats treated with alpha-mangostin in both doses for 8 weeks showed decrease in blood glucose levels, HOMA-IR, and blood pressure. Alpha-mangostin treatment also prevented HF/HG/STZ-induced changes in the activities of ALT, AST, BUN, uric acid, lipid profiles, and pro-inflammatory cytokines, which were comparable with the standard drug metformin, while alpha-mangostin did not show any significant effects on control rats (p>0.05). The cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis were also attenuated in diabetic rats treated with alpha-mangostin in both doses. Conclusion: These data suggest that administration of alpha-mangostin can effectively attenuate diabetes-induced alteration in cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis as well as biochemical parameters in HF/HG/STZ rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-38
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Experimental Pharmacology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

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Keywords

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Dietary fats
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Hyperinsulinemia
  • Insulin resistance

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