Alkaloid (meleagrine and chrysogine) from endophytic fungi (Penicillium sp.) of Annona squamosa L

Prasetyawan Yunianto, Yudi Rusman, Endang Saefudin, Wahyudi Priyono Suwarso, Wahono Sumaryono

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Several endophytic fungal strains from Srikaya plants (Annona squamosa L.) have been isolated and one of them was identified as Penicillium sp. Penicillium has been proven as an established source for a wide array of unique bioactive secondary metabolites that exhibit a variety of biological activities. The aim of this study is isolation of secondary metabolite from Penicillium, an endophytic of A. squamosa L. Penicillium sp. from endophytic of A. squamosa L. was fermented in Wicherham media. The whole extract from both liquid media and mycelium was partitioned by ethyl acetate and evaporated to obtain crude ethyl acetate extract. The ethyl acetate extract was then brokedown using column chromatography with silica as stationary phase and mixture of ethyl acetate/methanol (98%:2%) as mobile phase and then was separated by sephadex column. Structure elucidation of isolated compounds were mainly done by analysis of one and two dimensional NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) data and supported by HPLC (High performance Liquid Chromatography) and MS-TOF (Mass Spectrometer-Time of Flight). Isolated secondary metabolites were tested using in vitro assays for anticancer and antimicrobial activity. For anticancer activity, the metabolites were tested against breast cancer cells (MCF-7) using MTT assay, while for antimicrobial activity was performed using disk diffusion assays. From these physical, chemical and spectral evidences that the secondary metabolites were confirmed as Chrysogine and Meleagrine. Chrysogine and Meleagrine have no activity as anticancer and antimicrobial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-674
Number of pages8
JournalPakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Chrysogine
  • Endophytic fungi
  • Meleagrine
  • Penicillium sp
  • Srikaya/sugar apple (Annona squamosa L.)


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