Alginate-CMC/Fe3O4-CaO nanocomposite as a catalyst for synthesis of biodiesel from waste cooking oil

I. W. Sudana, Helmiyati, R. T. Yunarti

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Biodiesel as a renewable fuel was found as an environmentally friendly alternative for fossil fuels. In this work, a green heterogeneous catalyst, a combination of Alginate and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) biopolymer and Fe3O4-CaO supported by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used as a catalyst for biodiesel production from waste cooking oil (WCO) through transesterification reaction. The maximum biodiesel yield obtained was 89.30 % with catalyst loading of 0.9 wt.% and reaction time of 2 h by using Alginate-CMC/Fe3O4-CaO nanocomposites. Properties of the obtained biodiesel (density and acid number) were close to the international standards (SNI and ASTM). These results indicate that alginate-CMC biopolymer can be utilized as a support catalyst derived from the biodegradable raw materials and is renewable and green as promising for heterogeneous catalysts in biodiesel production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012008
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume846
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Oct 2021
Event4th Life and Environmental Sciences Academics Forum, LEAF 2020 - Virtual, Online, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Nov 20207 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • biopolymer
  • heterogeneous catalyst
  • nanocomposite
  • waste cooking oil

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