Air pollution and atherosclerosis

Zulkifli Amin, Hilman Zulkifli Amin, Lukman Zulkifli Amin, Fia Afifah Mutiksa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Air pollution is a serious and complex environmental health problem cause approximately 800000 premature deaths per year. Air pollution could leads to atherosclerosis progression through many biological and chemical pathways. Subsequent immune response and oxidative stress due to inhaled air pollution suggest hallmark mechanisms of air pollution in atherosclerosis formation. Other risk factors of atherosclerosis such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and hyperhomocysteinemia also positively correlated with air pollution. Current animal and exposure studies have revealed correlation between air pollution, atherosclerosis, and its risk factors. Nevertheless, further investigation regarding this topic need to be intensified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-186
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • Air pollution
  • Atherosclerosis


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