Air pollution: A tale of two countries

R. Budi Haryanto, Peter Franklin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The fast growing economies and continued urbanization in Asian countries have increased the demand for mobility and energy in the region, resulting in high levels of air pollution in cities from mobile and stationary sources. In contrast, low level of urbanization in Australia produces low level of urban air pollution. The World Health Organization estimates that about 500,000 premature deaths per year are caused by air pollution, leaving the urban poor particularly vulnerable since they live in air pollution hotspots, have low respiratory resistance due to bad nutrition, and lack access to quality health care. Identifying the differences and similarities of air pollution levels and its impacts, between Indonesia and Australia, will provide best lesson learned to tackle air pollution problems for Pacific Basin Rim countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-59
Number of pages7
JournalReviews on Environmental Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011


  • Air pollution
  • Health impacts
  • Indonesia-Australia


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