Air intake modification for pyrolysis optimization on rice husk fixed bed downdraft gasifier with maximum capacity of 30 KG/hour

Hafif Dafiqurrohman, Adi Surjosatyo, Felly Rihlat Gibran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rice husk is one of the most abundant biomass wastes in Indonesia. One way to convert it into an alternative source of energy is biomass gasification. This is a thermochemical process which converts biomass feedstock into fuel gas or chemical feedstock gas (producer gas). The gasification type which is developed in this study is fixed bed downdraft type due to its low tar content and compatibility in microscale implementation. One major problem with the implemented biomass gasification reactor was ruggedness of the partial oxidation process due to the absence of air in the reactor's middle section, which consequently affected the pyrolysis zone. Several experiments were conducted previously using coconut shells and rice husks as solid feedstock, where an equivalence ratio (ER) of 0.4 was obtained. Therefore, in order to optimize the pyrolysis zone, the modification conducted involves adding a circular air intake into the gasifier. Experiments were conducted in a pyrolysis temperature range of 300-700°C with ER variation of 0.19, 0.24, 0.27 and 0.31. The results show that a good quality producer gas is produced at an ER value of 0.24. This value shows a promising result because the ER value of biomass gasification standard is 0.25.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1352-1361
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Technology
Volume7
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Biomass gasification
  • Circular air intake
  • Fixed bed downdraft
  • Optimized pyrolysis zone
  • Rice husk

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