Adsorption of co gas and cigarette smoke using nio-modified metal activated carbon

Yuliusman, Al Farouq Fadel, Patar Sipangkar Samson, Mufiid Fatkhurrahman, Salma Amaliani Putri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Smoking can cause various ongoing complications in the body. One of the dangerous components of cigarette smoke is carbon monoxide which is one of the most toxic pollutants produced from cigarette gas emissions. Reducing levels in the air can utilize the adsorbent in the form of activated carbon which has the capacity and selectivity to these pollutants. Activated carbon was prepared from corn stalks which were activated by KOH at 750oC based on previous research. The activated carbon which produced have Iodine number equal to 602 mg/g and SBET reached 599 m2/g. To strengthen the adsorption power, the results of activated carbon will be modified by impregnation of NiO metal. Metal impregnation varied with loading percentage 0.5, 1 and 2%. Modified activated carbons were then characterized by the Iodine Number test, BET test, SEM test, and EDX test. Each of the modified activated carbon will be tested for the capacity and selectivity of adsorption of CO and cigarette smoke. The best modified activated carbon is Mod 0.5% with Iodine number equal to 844 mg/g and SBET reached 839 m2/g. The best adsorption ability is obtained by 0.5% NiO-modified activated carbon which able to reduce CO gas levels by 29.9% and for cigarette smoke reaching 82.16%.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Research QiR 16
EditorsAnne Zulfia, Wahyuaji Narottama Putra
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages303-310
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783035715996
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event16th International Conference on Quality in Research, QiR 2019 - Padang, Indonesia
Duration: 22 Jul 201924 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume1000 MSF
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752

Conference

Conference16th International Conference on Quality in Research, QiR 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityPadang
Period22/07/1924/07/19

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Adsorption
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Iodine number
  • NiO impregnation

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  • Cite this

    Yuliusman, Fadel, A. F., Samson, P. S., Fatkhurrahman, M., & Putri, S. A. (2020). Adsorption of co gas and cigarette smoke using nio-modified metal activated carbon. In A. Zulfia, & W. N. Putra (Eds.), Advanced Materials Research QiR 16 (pp. 303-310). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 1000 MSF). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.1000.303