Adhesiveness of TiO2 PVD coating on electropolished stainless steel 17-4 PH orthodontic bracket

S. Supriadi, B. Suharno, N. K. Nugraha, A. O. Yasinta, Dhyah Annur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Performance of stainless steel 17-4 PH as the orthodontic bracket can be improved by titanium dioxide (TiO2) coating. In order to produce a good quality of the coating layer, the substrate had to be smooth and free from any contaminants. The electropolishing method was used to clean bracket's surface from oxides substances which formed during sintering by reducing its surface roughness. Bath temperature and electropolishing time were varied to 30 °C and 70 °C, for 15 and 25 min, respectively. Those differences in electropolishing condition would affect the final surface's roughness of the substrate. The atmosphere during PVD was controlled using oxygen and argon gases with the flowing rate ratio of 10:90 sccm and 50:50 sccm, and these gases would affect TiO2 coating mechanical properties. The lowest roughness of 0.99 μm and the highest roughness of 2.85 μm were obtained after electropolishing. The coating quality on the substrates with different roughness was assessed through coating adhesivity on the substrate by micro Vickers qualitatively. The results showed that the TiO2 coating layer on the substrate with a lower roughness had better adhesivity rather than on the substrate with higher roughness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number094003
JournalMaterials Research Express
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2019

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Stainless Steel
Physical vapor deposition
Stainless steel
Electrolytic polishing
Surface roughness
Coatings
Substrates
Gases
Argon
Titanium dioxide
Oxides
Sintering
Impurities
Oxygen
Mechanical properties

Cite this

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title = "Adhesiveness of TiO2 PVD coating on electropolished stainless steel 17-4 PH orthodontic bracket",
abstract = "Performance of stainless steel 17-4 PH as the orthodontic bracket can be improved by titanium dioxide (TiO2) coating. In order to produce a good quality of the coating layer, the substrate had to be smooth and free from any contaminants. The electropolishing method was used to clean bracket's surface from oxides substances which formed during sintering by reducing its surface roughness. Bath temperature and electropolishing time were varied to 30 °C and 70 °C, for 15 and 25 min, respectively. Those differences in electropolishing condition would affect the final surface's roughness of the substrate. The atmosphere during PVD was controlled using oxygen and argon gases with the flowing rate ratio of 10:90 sccm and 50:50 sccm, and these gases would affect TiO2 coating mechanical properties. The lowest roughness of 0.99 μm and the highest roughness of 2.85 μm were obtained after electropolishing. The coating quality on the substrates with different roughness was assessed through coating adhesivity on the substrate by micro Vickers qualitatively. The results showed that the TiO2 coating layer on the substrate with a lower roughness had better adhesivity rather than on the substrate with higher roughness.",
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Adhesiveness of TiO2 PVD coating on electropolished stainless steel 17-4 PH orthodontic bracket. / Supriadi, S.; Suharno, B.; Nugraha, N. K.; Yasinta, A. O.; Annur, Dhyah.

In: Materials Research Express, Vol. 6, No. 9, 094003, 03.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Supriadi, S.

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AU - Yasinta, A. O.

AU - Annur, Dhyah

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