Adherence of Indonesian urologists to practice guidelines for the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia

Fakhri Rahman, Ida Bagus Putra, Chaidir Arif Mochtar, Nur Rasyid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Clinical guideline is built to provide consistent, efficient, and high quality of medical care based on recent evidence. This study aimed to investigate the adherence of Indonesian urologists to clinical guidelines for the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional study using questionnaire conducted between January and June 2017. Respondents were Indonesian urologists registered as members of Indonesia Urological Association and had already practice in urology for at least 6 months. Questionnaires were sent via e-mail and Google Form. The level of adherence was measured using scoring system decided by authors' agreement. All data were processed using SPSS, version 23, and presented in descriptive fashion. Results: Of 352 urologists who fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria, 209 (59.4%) respondents returned the questionnaire. Most of respondents (95.2%) used Indonesia Urological Association BPH guidelines as their clinical practice guidance. Routinely performed recommended examination, such as symptom scoring system, digital rectal examination, urinalysis, uroflowmetry, postvoid residual urine, and prostate imaging were used by 89.9%, 92.5%, 70.4%, 50.8%, 53.3%, and 98.6% respondents, respectively. After patient is diagnosed with BPH, most of respondents considered medical therapy (99%), surgical therapy (93%), and watchful waiting (78.4), with alpha-blocker as the drugs most preferred by respondents. For indication to perform surgery for BPH, only bladder stones, decreased renal function, and trial without catheter failure were considered by more than 85% of respondents. Open prostate surgery was performed by 54.8% respondents for the following reasons: large prostate volume, presence of bladder stone, unavailability of endourology equipments, abnormality of bladder, and residency training program. At last, this study found median (minimum–maximum) of Indonesian urologists adherence level toward BPH guidelines is 78.5% (28.6%–100%). Conclusions: In general, Indonesian urologists have a good adherence toward guidelines. However, there is still wide variation of their adherence to it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalProstate International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Guideline adherence
  • Urologists


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