Activity of Natural Compound Pothos tener Wall on Aeromonas hydrophila Infection to Prevent of Antibiotics

Media Fitri Isma Nugraha, Dwi Asih Kurniati, Sri Rukmini, Imam Taukhid, Hessy Novita, Bejo Slamet, Ikhsan Khasani, Dwi Budiyanto Trisnoharjono, Muh Alias L. Rajamuddin, Berna Elya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aims to discover how influential Photos tener Wall is as an anti-bacterial treatment for Aeromonas hydrophila. Methods: Cyprinus Carpio were reared for 28 days, and on the 29th and 30th days before Aeromonas hydrophila infection, the fish were adequately fasted. On the 31st day, they were intramuscularly challenged with A. hydrophila (105 CFU/mL) (the first day in A. hydrophila infection). The treatments given were (I) immersed trial with fresh (live) P tener Wall: (H1) Immersed with 15 g of P. tener Wall plant, (H2) Immersed with 30 g of P. tener Wall plant, and (H3) Immersed with 60 g of P. tener; (II) feeding trials in which the treatments given were (P1) 2% of P. tener Wall powder mixed with 1 kg commercial diet and (P2) 4% of P. tener Wall powder mixed with 1 kg commercial diet; Experiment III combined the best results from experiment I (H2) and experiment II (P2) and Oxytetracycline 5 g/kg feed as a control antibiotic. The result obtained was that the treatment of 30 g of fresh P. tener Wall or adding 4% simplicial P. tener Wall in the diet could increase koi fish’s immune response and resistance to A. Hydrophila has a survival rate that reaches 100%. This treatment has the same effect as using antibiotic Oxytetracycline 5 g/kg of feed. An important aspect for further research is that P. tener wall can be tested on other fish diseases caused by bacteria or fungi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1999-2008
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Cyprinus carpio
  • GC-MS
  • immune response
  • LC-MS
  • Pothos tener wall

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