Activated carbon preparation from durian peel wastes using chemical and physical activation

Yuliusman, Maretha Putri Ayu, Afdhal Hanafi, Azmia Rizka Nafisah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Activated carbon (AC) made from biomass wastes continue to be improved. One of the raw materials which can be used is durian peel waste. Durian peel waste is one of the large numbers of lignocellulosic residues produced in Indonesia. The high production capacity of durian fruit makes the durian peel waste is available in large quantities. The high composition of the lignocellulosic component made it a promising material to made a high-quality AC. A study using durian peel waste gave a good result, like high carbon composition but had a low surface area. So this research aimed at producing a high surface area of AC with combining chemical activation process using H3PO4 and physical activation using N2. The other methods used were taken from previous studies that performed optimum results. From this study, activated carbon was successfully made with surface area 797.99 m2/g. The SEM results show some macropores were created on the AC surface and the EDX results detected that carbon was the main component of AC. Also, the AC has met the SNI standard.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecent Progress on
Subtitle of host publicationEnergy, Communities and Cities - Proceedings of International Symposium on Sustainable and Clean Energy, ISSCE 2019: Quality in Research 2019
EditorsYuliusman Yuliusman, Cindy Dianita
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419896
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2020
Event16th International Conference on Quality in Research, QiR 2019 - 2019 International Symposium on Sustainable and Clean Energy, ISSCE 2019 - Padang, Indonesia
Duration: 22 Jul 201924 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2230
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference16th International Conference on Quality in Research, QiR 2019 - 2019 International Symposium on Sustainable and Clean Energy, ISSCE 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityPadang
Period22/07/1924/07/19

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