Acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) was identified as a gene induced by NFAT2 activation in osteoclasts. Suppression of ASM expression in bone marrow macrophages by knockdown enhanced c-Fos/NFAT2 expression, increasing the number of TRAP-positive multinucleated cells in vitro. SphK1 was upregulated during the late stage of osteoclastogenesis, while SphK2 expression remained constant. SphK1 was downregulated following ASM knockdown, while SphK2 levels were unchanged. Experiments using shRNA and catalytically-inactive form demonstrated inhibitory and stimulatory activities on osteoclast formation of SphK1 and SphK2, respectively. These results suggest that ASM regulates osteoclastogenesis by modulating the balance between SphK1 and SphK2 downstream of RANKL signaling.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Feb 2011|
- Acid sphingomyelinase
- Sphingosine kinase