Acid leaching and kinetics study of cobalt recovery from spent lithium-ion batteries with nitric acid

Yuliusman, Radifan Fajaryanto, Annisaa Nurqomariah, Silvia

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Relentless development of technology triggers the smartphone production. The increasing number of smartphone use is followed by escalation of its waste, where its battery is usually left unrecycled. The analysis of the battery content shows that it is consist of a considerable amount of cobalt that can be reutilized based on its relatively high economic value, which valued USD 61/kg. Leaching as a form of hydrometallurgy was used in this research to recover cobalt using HNO 3 as leaching agent and H 2 O 2 as reducing agent. Process optimization was done by varying concentration of nitric acid and reaction temperature. The result showed that the optimum leaching condition was earned in 30 minutes of leaching reaction using 3.0 M HNO 3 at the reaction temperature of 90°C, resulting 98.01% of cobalt leaching efficiency. Reaction kinetics study was also done in this research and the result demonstrates that recovery of cobalt from spent lithium-ion battery by nitric acid leaching was controlled by diffusion through product layer with activation energy value of 44.67 kJ/mol.

Original languageEnglish
Article number03025
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Volume67
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2018
Event3rd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference "Sustainable Development of Tropical Renewable Energy", i-TREC 2018 - Kuta, Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Sep 20188 Sep 2018

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