Arterial blood-gas and pH changes were studied in 63 infants and children aged 6 yr or less, with severe and uncomplicated bronchopneumonia, which was proven clinically and radiologically. 55 (87.3%) patients showed a ventilatory insufficiency (PaCO2 below 35 mmHg). Only 3 (4.8%) cases were found with carbon retention as a sign of ventilatory failure (PaCO2 above 45 mmHg). 28 (44.4%) cases had metabolic components. The suggested causes of metabolic acidosis in these cases were the inflammatory process in the lung itself which caused hypoxia, and a low intake during their sickness prior to admission to the hospital.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1980|