Acid-base balance and blood-gas analysis in bronchopneumonia in infancy and childhood

Mardjanis Said, I. Boediman, N. Rahajoe, N. N. Rahajoe

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Abstract

Arterial blood-gas and pH changes were studied in 63 infants and children aged 6 yr or less, with severe and uncomplicated bronchopneumonia, which was proven clinically and radiologically. 55 (87.3%) patients showed a ventilatory insufficiency (PaCO2 below 35 mmHg). Only 3 (4.8%) cases were found with carbon retention as a sign of ventilatory failure (PaCO2 above 45 mmHg). 28 (44.4%) cases had metabolic components. The suggested causes of metabolic acidosis in these cases were the inflammatory process in the lung itself which caused hypoxia, and a low intake during their sickness prior to admission to the hospital.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-76
Number of pages9
JournalPaediatrica Indonesiana
Volume20
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1980

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