Achieving Sustainable Urban Development for Indonesia's New Capital City

Rini Rachmawati, Eko Haryono, Rizki Adriadi Ghiffari, Hilary Reinhart, Rifqi Fathurrahman, Amandita Ainur Rohmah, Farah Dewi Permatasari, Dana Indra Sensuse, Wikan Danar Sunindyo, Frauke Kraas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Jakarta and the entire Jabodetabek Region is since many years and growingly burdened by heavy symptoms of mega-urban overload. Against this background, the Indonesian government in 2019 announced the plan to relocate it to the newly built capital city, Nusantara, in the east of Kalimantan. The objective of this research is to analyze plans for sustainable development in Indonesia's new capital city. This research uses a qualitative approach through in-depth interviews with experts and spatial analysis. The results show that the capital city of Nusantara is supported by programs that include the concept of sustainable development. This is demonstrated through plans to develop large green open spaces, environmentally friendly and integrated transportation systems and modes, balanced land use, a green economy and livable and intelligent housing areas. However, it seems that there are still shortcomings in terms of disaster risk mitigation and social aspects. This needs to be followed up with additional programs in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-456
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


  • new capital
  • Nusantara capital city
  • smart city
  • sustainable urban development
  • urban development


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