Accuracy Analysis of Deep Learning Methods in Breast Cancer Classification: A Structured Review

Marina Yusoff, Toto Haryanto, Heru Suhartanto, Wan Azani Mustafa, Jasni Mohamad Zain, Kusmardi Kusmardi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Breast cancer is diagnosed using histopathological imaging. This task is extremely time-consuming due to high image complexity and volume. However, it is important to facilitate the early detection of breast cancer for medical intervention. Deep learning (DL) has become popular in medical imaging solutions and has demonstrated various levels of performance in diagnosing cancerous images. Nonetheless, achieving high precision while minimizing overfitting remains a significant challenge for classification solutions. The handling of imbalanced data and incorrect labeling is a further concern. Additional methods, such as pre-processing, ensemble, and normalization techniques, have been established to enhance image characteristics. These methods could influence classification solutions and be used to overcome overfitting and data balancing issues. Hence, developing a more sophisticated DL variant could improve classification accuracy while reducing overfitting. Technological advancements in DL have fueled automated breast cancer diagnosis growth in recent years. This paper reviewed studies on the capability of DL to classify histopathological breast cancer images, as the objective of this study was to systematically review and analyze current research on the classification of histopathological images. Additionally, literature from the Scopus and Web of Science (WOS) indexes was reviewed. This study assessed recent approaches for histopathological breast cancer image classification in DL applications for papers published up until November 2022. The findings of this study suggest that DL methods, especially convolution neural networks and their hybrids, are the most cutting-edge approaches currently in use. To find a new technique, it is necessary first to survey the landscape of existing DL approaches and their hybrid methods to conduct comparisons and case studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number683
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • breast cancer
  • classification
  • histopathological image
  • review


Dive into the research topics of 'Accuracy Analysis of Deep Learning Methods in Breast Cancer Classification: A Structured Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this