Abdominal Tuberculosis Mimicking Ovarian Cancer: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Ikhwan Rinaldi, Abdul Muthalib, Djaja Gosal, Teguh Wijayadi, Barlian Sutedja, Tjondro Setiawan, Andika Gunawan, Nelly Susanto, Lingga Magdalena, Diah Rini Handjari, Fetisari Kurniawan, Aisyah Rifani, Kevin Winston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease with high morbidity and mortality resulting from infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB can disseminate to any organ system of the body resulting in extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Interestingly, CA-125, which is a biomarker for some cancer, also rises in benign diseases such as pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis which may complicate diagnosis. In this case report, we present an abdominal tuberculosis patient that was initially presented as ovarian cancer. Case Report: A 30-year-old woman admitted to the emergency department with chief complaint of fatigue and shortness of breath since 3 months ago. She had lost around 20 kg weight in the past 5 months. She was previously suspected with ovarian cancer because of the characteristic features of malignancy, high levels of CA-125, and positive PET scan. She was later diagnosed with abdominal TB. Subsequently, the patient was given anti-TB drugs, and the patient showed clinical improvement. Conclusion: In the case of an elevated CA-125, clinicians should consider extrapulmonary TB as a differential diagnosis of ovarian cancer, especially in countries with high burden of tuberculosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-185
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Medical Case Reports Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • CA-125
  • case report
  • extrapulmonary tuberculosis
  • malignancy
  • ovarian cancer


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