A novel cell-based smoothed finite element method is proposed for thin and thick plates based on Reissner-Mindlin plate theory and assumed shear strain fields. The domain is discretized with arbitrary polygons and on each side of the polygonal element, discrete shear constraints are considered to relate the kinematical and the independent shear strains. The plate is made of functionally graded material with effective properties computed using the rule of mixtures. The influence of various parameters, viz., the plate aspect ratio and the material gradient index on the static bending response and the first fundamental frequency is numerically studied. It is seen that the proposed element: (a) has proper rank; (b) does not require derivatives of shape functions and hence no isoparametric mapping required; (c) independent of shape and size of elements and (d) is free from shear locking.
- Cell based smoothed finite element method
- Discrete Kirchhoff Mindlin theory
- Kirchhoff constraint
- Numerical integration
- Shear locking