A Resilience Approach to Improving Safety Performance in Construction

Kevin Liong Kurniawan, Rossy Armyn Machfudiyanto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The construction industry is recognized as having inherent risks with high levels of change and uncertainty. The complexity of this project poses a challenge to traditional safety management approaches. As an alternative, a resilience approach to traditional safety management is used, which is designed to deal with uncertainty in a high-risk work environment in the form of a resilience safety culture. This research will look at the relationship between resilience safety culture variables, and safety performance in a state-owned construction company in Indonesia using the partial least squares structural equation modeling approach. Resilience safety culture variables in this study include management commitment, reporting, learning, anticipation, flexibility, awareness, coworker’s safety perception, supervisor’s safety perception, safety attitudes, understanding of risk, safety resources, and safety procedures. The results of the PLS-SEM test show that there are 9 relationships between variables that have a significant positive influence. As a significant variable that has a direct effect on safety performance, awareness is the main determining factor for improving the company's safety performance. With the significant influence of safety awareness on safety performance, there is a need to increase safety awareness to ensure consistent improvement in safety performance. It is recommended for companies to be able to increase safety awareness, one of which is through safety awareness workshops as a way to improve safety performance. The provision of this workshop is an initiative to increase the ability to anticipate and manage risk proactively which can result in an increased level of awareness of hazards and provide a deeper understanding of safety at work sites so that appropriate preventive measures can be taken to reduce the possibility of accidents or unwanted incidents. These results are expected to be used as a guideline for companies in increasing their safety performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-455
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Safety and Security Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • construction industry
  • resilience safety culture
  • safety awareness
  • safety performance


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