A rare case of primary cardiac lymphoma and the role of early surgical debulking: A case report

Jonathan Grantomo, Jenni Pratita, Jusuf Rachmat, Meilania Saraswati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is a very rare disease and is most commonly found among immunocompromised patients. Its cardiac manifestations are non-specific, leading to delayed diagnosis and poor prognosis. However, chemotherapy could improve survival, which makes early and prompt diagnosis very crucial. This is a report of a rare case of PCL found on a 73-year-old man who benefit from early debulking surgery. Case Summary A 73-year-old man presented with worsening dyspnoea over the last 2 months. A 7.2 × 10.2 cm intramural tumour was found extending from the right atrium to the right ventricle. It was considered that the tumour could cause sudden death due to its size and extension. Therefore, surgical debulking with biopsy and valve repair was done. Cytology examination from the resected specimen demonstrated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma non-germinal centre B-cell like type. He was discharged 2 weeks after the surgery in stable condition and referred to internal medicine department for chemotherapy. However, he chose palliative home care and died 44 days after surgery. Discussion In cases of PCL with concerning tumour size and symptoms due to cardiac obstruction, early surgical debulking could improve haemodynamics, prevent sudden death, and confirm immunopathological diagnosis needed in determining further chemotherapy, which is proven to improve survival.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberyty116
JournalEuropean Heart Journal - Case Reports
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Cardiac surgery
  • Cardiac tumour
  • Case report
  • Primary cardiac lymphoma
  • Surgical debulking

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