A rapid flood inundation model in the floodplain area due to an extreme rainfall event

Indah Salsabiela, Kuswantoro Marko, Mangapul P. Tambunan, Faris Zulkarnain

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Extreme rainfall in East Jakarta on February 19, 2021 caused flooding in a number of subdistricts. The research was conducted in the central part of Kali Sunter, which flows through three subdistricts, namely Cipinang Melayu, Cipinang Muara, and Pondok Bambu. The purpose of the study was to do flood hazard modeling and analyze the characteristics of flood-affected areas based on land use and topography. Inundation and flood hazard maps is done by: calculating the flood discharge using the SCS-CN method, flood inundation modelling using HEC-RAS, and analyzing the characteristics of the inundated area. This combination is effective for rapid modeling during extreme rainfall events. Based on the research, the distribution of the highest flood hazard area is in RW 004 Cipinang Melayu, with the widest inundation affecting small and medium-sized houses. The characteristics of the affected area are that there is green and empty land which reduces the potential for water to inundate buildings or other land uses. Buildings located in low-hazard housing areas tend to be more organized and relatively medium to large in size. While the types of housing in the Cipinang Melayu with a high level of danger tend to be dense and small to medium in size, but the majority have two floors as a form of flood adaptation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number01024
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2021
Event2nd Geoscience and Environmental Management Symposium, ICST 2021 - Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 7 Sept 20218 Sept 2021


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