A Qualitative Study Exploring the Perceived Barriers Among Patients After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Aria Wahyuni, Setyowati Setyowati, Rita Hadi Widyastuti, Yenita Roza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases, particularly coronary heart disease (CHD), are the third biggest cause of mortality worldwide, and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is one of the available treatments. The patient's self-efficacy in performing self-care decreases as a result of several post-PCI hurdles, which has an effect on their quality of life. The purpose of this investigation was to explore the barriers that patients experience following PCI. Methods: The study design used was descriptive qualitative in 15 patients after PCI. Purposive sampling was used to conduct the participant recruitment process. Between June 2021 and January 2022, data were collected using a semi-structured interviewing method. The data were analysed through the use of thematic content analysis. Results: The thematic content analysis found four themes: 1) Perceived physical barriers; 2) Perceived psychological barriers; 3) Low adherence; 4) The adverse side effects of medications. Conclusion: The results of this study highlight the value of empowering patients to take care of themselves at home following PCI and assisting in the creation of holistic and continuity nurse intervention models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-160
Number of pages9
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023


  • Coronary heart disease
  • Perceived physical barriers
  • Perceived psychological barriers
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention


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