A phenetic analysis of morphological traits on Daluga (Cyrtosperma merkusii (Hassk.) Schott) in Siau, Sangihe and Talaud Islands, North of Sulawesi

Ina Erlinawati, Abinawanto, Andi Salamah, Rugayah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Daluga (Cyrtosperma merkusii (Hassk.) Schott) is one of the edible cormus belonging to Araceae which has not been cultivated in Indonesia. Morphological evaluation and characterization are needed to determine characters of Daluga for genetic variability to improve edible Daluga variants, so this research aims to determine the diversity and the phenetic relationship of Daluga based on morphological traits. Thirty-six accessions were collected from Siau, Sangihe and Talaud (Salibabu and Karakelang) Islands and there were eleven variants of Daluga. Cluster analysis was conducted by UPGMA (Unweighted Pair Group Methods using Arithmetic Average) methods to construct a dendrogram using MultiVariate Statistical Program (MSVP) version 3.1 software. The dendrogram showed that 11 variants of Daluga in fourteen sampling sites divided into two main clusters, cluster A consisted of eight variants whereas cluster B consisted of three variants which each cluster are divided into two sub-clusters. The result of the phenetic analysis showed that the variant 1 and 4 are two variants that are a very close relationship with the percent similarity is 73.6%. This new information is important for the future of the plant varietal improvement program and for the conservation of Daluga.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Biology and Applied Science, ICOBAS 2019
Editors Romaidi, Didik Wahyudi, Akira Kikuchi, Retno Novvitasari Hery Daryono, Eriyanto Yusnawan
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735418608
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2019
EventInternational Conference on Biology and Applied Science 2019, ICOBAS 2019 - Malang, Indonesia
Duration: 13 Mar 201914 Mar 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2120
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Biology and Applied Science 2019, ICOBAS 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityMalang
Period13/03/1914/03/19

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    Erlinawati, I., Abinawanto, Salamah, A., & Rugayah (2019). A phenetic analysis of morphological traits on Daluga (Cyrtosperma merkusii (Hassk.) Schott) in Siau, Sangihe and Talaud Islands, North of Sulawesi. In Romaidi, D. Wahyudi, A. Kikuchi, R. N. H. Daryono, & E. Yusnawan (Eds.), International Conference on Biology and Applied Science, ICOBAS 2019 [030014] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2120). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5115618