A Novel Splenic Vein Flow Volume to the Portal Vein Flow Velocity Index as a Predictor for the Degree of Esophageal Varices in Liver Cirrhosis Patients

Krishna Pandu Wicaksono, Sahat Matondang, Christopher Silman, Joedo Prihartono, Cosmas Rinaldi Adithya Lesmana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bleeding esophageal varices (EV) have the highest mortality rate from all complications of liver cirrhosis (LC). Several Doppler ultrasound (DUS) studies have been done on the splenic or portal vein (PV) to evaluate the hemodynamic of the esophageal vein. Our study focused on finding a better index using the ratio from two parameters correlated with EV, splenic vein flow volume (SFV), and PV flow velocity. In this study, 28 patients with LC were evaluated using DUS to compare the SFV to PV flow velocity/speed (Sv/Ps) index and other measured DUS parameters with the EV degree. Afterward, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed on statistically significant DUS parameters. Mean Sv/Ps index value in the group of nonvarices was 9.89 ± 3.56; 19.50 ± 5.56 in the small esophageal varices (SEV) and 74.12 ± 29.37 in the large esophageal varices (LEV) group with p < 0.001. ROC curve analysis generated an optimal cutoff point of 16.5 (90% sensitivity and 100% specificity) to predict the presence of EV and the cutoff point of 46.7 (100% sensitivity and specificity) to predict the presence of LEV. In conclusion, the Sv/Ps index measured using DUS can be used as a noninvasive method to predict the presence of EV, especially in predicting LEV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-185
Number of pages7
JournalCase Reports in Gastroenterology
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Doppler ultrasound
  • Esophageal varices
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Portal vein flow velocity
  • Splenic vein flow volume
  • Splenoportal ratio

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A Novel Splenic Vein Flow Volume to the Portal Vein Flow Velocity Index as a Predictor for the Degree of Esophageal Varices in Liver Cirrhosis Patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this