A Novel Peptide Elabela is Associated with Hypertension-Related Subclinical Atherosclerosis

Hendrianus, Suko Adiarto, Radityo Prakoso, Isman Firdaus, Suci Indriani, Estu Rudiktyo, Bambang Widyantoro, Taofan, Ade Meidian Ambari, Renan Sukmawan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Elabela is a newly identified peptide which, alongside apelin, acts as an endogenous ligand that activates the angiotensin receptor-like 1 receptor. Previous studies have shown the association of elabela with hypertension, but information about the role of elabela in hypertension-related subclinical atherosclerosis is scarce. Aim: We aimed to determine the elabela levels in hypertensive patients and explore its association with subclinical atherosclerosis. Methods: A total of 104 subjects with hypertension were included in the study. Elabela levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, by first extracting the peptide following the manufacturer's instructions. Subclinical atherosclerosis was assessed by measuring the carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) using ultrasound. Results: Compared to stage 1, elabela levels decreased in stage 2 hypertension (0.23 [0.13, 0.45] ng/ml vs. 0.14 [0.09, 0.23] ng/ml; P = 0.000), and in the group with increased carotid IMT compared to normal IMT (0.24 [0.13, 0.38] ng/ml vs. 0.15 [0.10, 0.23] ng/ml; P = 0.005). Additionally, a linear correlation analysis showed that elabela had a significant negative correlation with systolic blood pressure (r = − 0.340, P = 0.000) and carotid IMT (r = − 0.213; P = 0.030). In multivariate analysis, lower elabela levels were associated with a higher cardiovascular risk group in this study (OR 5.0, 95% CI 1.8–13.5, P < 0.001). Conclusions: This study demonstrated for the first time that circulating elabela declined in a higher stage of hypertension and hypertensive patients with increased carotid IMT, implicating that elabela may be involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension-associated subclinical atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalHigh Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention
Issue number1
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Carotid intima-media thickness
  • Elabela
  • Hypertension
  • Subclinical atherosclerosis


Dive into the research topics of 'A Novel Peptide Elabela is Associated with Hypertension-Related Subclinical Atherosclerosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this