A Multidimensional Energy Poverty in Indonesia and Its Impact on Health

Citra Nirmala Utami, Djoni Hartono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Developing countries, such as Indonesia, still experience difficulties in terms of accessing electricity and meeting the need for clean energy for cooking. Therefore, it is important to measure energy poverty holistically. This study aimed to find empirical evidence regarding multidimensional energy poverty in Indonesia and its impact on health. Energy poverty and health had become a serious concern in the global world, including in Indonesia. However, empirical studies in proving multidimensional energy poverty and its impact on health are still very limited. This study uses a simultaneous equation model with Two-Stage-Least-Square (2SLS) regression method and measuring multidimensional energy poverty through two aspects, namely accessibility and affordability. Results show that low accessibility to electricity leads to a lower health condition and the higher the ratio of energy consumption to total consumption, the lower a household’s health condition. The result from the multidimensional energy poverty measurement also shows positive causality with the households’ health condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-156
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Energy Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • Energy poverty
  • Health
  • Multidimensional energy
  • poverty
  • Quality of life
  • Self-assessed health


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