A low cost, off-the-shelf bioreactor as enabling technology for physiological modeling

Muhammad Satrio Utomo, Muhammad Hanif Nadhif, Ghulsan Fahmi El Bayani, Yudan Whulanza

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Nowadays, tissue engineering has become a primary option for clinical treatment involving tissue damage or organ failure. One important enabling technological aspect for tissue engineering to produce successful outcomes is bioreactor where cells could be grown under certain conditions mimicking real physiological conditions and be prepared for in vivo integration before implantation to the patients. Physical stimulation by mechanical and electrical means could improve the development of engineered tissue to mimic the actual tissue. Mechanical stimulation could improve cellular function by improving the integrity and organization of the engineered tissue while electrical stimulation can improve the conductivity and contractility of tissue construction. The electric field would stimulate cellular calcium activity which could stimulate cell integration and gap junction formation. Thus, it is necessary to develop a bioreactor that is capable to provide a well-controlled environment and proper combination of mechanical and electrical stimulation to optimize the process of tissue engineering. Here we build a bioreactor that is capable to stimulate the engineered tissue mechanically and electrically to improve the tissue's contractile performance and functional maturity through an isovolumic contraction. The mechanical stimulation is generated by harmonic inflation and deflation of a balloon while the electrical stimulation is generated from a pair of carbon electrodes. The mechanical and electrical stimulations could function independently to each other. The bioreactor was successfully constructed and passed the functional test and ready for actual application for tissue engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication5th Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 5th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2020
EditorsKenny Lischer, Sugeng Supriadi, Siti Fauziyah Rahman, Yudan Whulanza
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735440869
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2021
Event5th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2020 - Depok, Virtual, Indonesia
Duration: 28 Jul 202029 Jul 2020

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2344
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2020
CountryIndonesia
CityDepok, Virtual
Period28/07/2029/07/20

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