A hybrid convolutional neural network-support vector machine for x-ray computed tomography images on cancer

Jane Eva Aurelia, Zuherman Rustam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cancer is a major health problem not only in Indonesia but also throughout the world. Cancer is the growth and spread of abnormal cells that have distinctive characteristics, that if can no longer be controlled will usually cause death. The number of deaths due to cancer is generally caused by late diagnosis and inappropriate treatment. To reduce mortality from cancer, it is necessary to strive for early detection and monitoring of cancer in patients undergoing therapy. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) as one of machine learning methods are designed to produce or process data from two dimensions that have a network tier and many applications carried out in the image. Moreover, support vector machines (SVMs) as a hypothetical space in the form of linear functions feature have high dimensions and trained algorithm based on optimization theory. AIM: In connection with the above, this paper discusses the role of the machine learning technique named a hybrid CNN-SVM. METHODS: The proposed method is used in the detection and monitoring of cancers by determining the classification of cancers in X-ray computed tomography (CT) patients’ images. Several types of cancer that used for determination in detection and monitoring of cancers diagnosis are also discussed in this paper, such as lung, liver, and breast cancer. RESULTS: From the discussion, the results show that the combining model of hybrid CNN-SVM has the best performance with 99.17% accuracy value. CONCLUSION: Therefore, it can be concluded that machine learning plays a very important role in the detection and management of cancer treatment through the determination of classification of cancers in X-ray CT patients’ images. As the proposed method can detect cancer cells with an effective mechanism of action so can has the potential to inhibit in the future studies with more extensive data materials and various diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1283-1289
Number of pages7
JournalOpen Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume9
Issue numberB
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Convolutional neural networks
  • Hybrid model
  • Support vector machines
  • X-ray computed tomography

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