A hierarchical MnOx/ZSM-5 heterogeneous catalyst for the conversion of cellulose from mahogany wood to levulinic acid

D. U.C. Rahayu, D. A. Nurani, L. N.H. Rochmah, N. F. Antra, Y. K. Krisnandi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At present, lignocellulose holds significant potential as a renewable biomass resource. Lignocellulose can be converted to levulinic acid, one of the most important platform chemicals used in several applications. The forestry of mahogany wood produces abundant waste in the urban areas of Indonesia. This waste is a source of biomass, containing the major chemical constituents of holocellulose, α-cellulose, and lignin in proportions of 53.37%, 33.05%, and 31.82%, respectively. Pretreatment processes of mahogany wood were conducted through dewaxing processes followed by delignification using NaOH and NaOCl to pre-concentrate the cellulose substrate. The delignification processes using NaOH and NaOCl reduced the lignin content to 15.58% and 6.40%, respectively, from 31.82% of dewaxed-mahogany wood. The cellulose conversion from mahogany wood to levulinic acid was performed using the MnOx/Hi-ZSM-5 heterogeneous catalyst in the presence of H2O2, and H3PO4 solutions. The parameters of cellulose conversion, including conversion time and concentration of H3PO4 and H2O2, were also studied, and HPLC analysis revealed the highest cellulose conversion to levulinic acid to be 2.44% with 20% H2O2, (v/v) and 30% H3PO4. (v/v) after 8 h of reaction time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012055
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume496
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2019
Event2nd International Conference on Current Progress in Functional Materials 2017, ISCPFM 2017 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 8 Nov 20179 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • cellulose
  • hierarchical Mn/ZSM-5
  • levulinic acid
  • mahogany wood

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