A GIS-based model for a land suitability analysis of Amomum compactum Soland ex Maton (cardamom) in West Sumatra

Muhammad Chaidir Harist, Iqbal Putut Ash Shidiq, Annisa Hana Fitriani, Annisa Daniswara Santoso

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The west Sumatra Province has a large agricultural area planted with various types of crops. One of them is horticulture farming, producing various types of medicinal plants and spices such as Amomum Compactum Soland ex Maton or Cardamom. It is a non-timber forest product in the form of a spice that potentially developed due to the intercropping of plants in the forest. According to West Sumatra statistical data, in 2015 11,500 kg of cardamom was produced each month, lower than most other crops. The market demand for cardamom is relatively high reaching approximately 10 tons/month/city, whereas production is only around 3-5 tons/month/city. Therefore, appropriate planning and management is very important to optimize the cultivation and to increase productivity. Planning and management through a land suitability analysis will help to describe potential areas for cardamom planting. The output map provides baseline information for suitable planting areas and can be included in the decision-making process. This analysis was developed using a geographic information system (GIS), a processing tool capable of collecting, creating, storing, and managing various types of spatial data. In this study, the land suitability analysis was based on three variables, which included rainfall, soil type, and elevation. A matrix table was then created from those variables and compared with the plant's growth requirements. A map of cardamom potential planting areas was subsequently generated from this table. The results showed that 53% of West Sumatra is suitable for cardamom production. The other 35% and 12% are for less suitable and not suitable, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication8th Annual Basic Science International Conference
Subtitle of host publicationCoverage of Basic Sciences toward the World's Sustainability Challenges
EditorsCorina Karim, Rodliyati Azrianingsih, Mauludi Ariesto Pamungkas, Yoga Dwi Jatmiko, Anna Safitri
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417397
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2018
Event8th Annual Basic Science International Conference: Coverage of Basic Sciences toward the World's Sustainability Challanges, BaSIC 2018 - Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Mar 20187 Mar 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2021
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference8th Annual Basic Science International Conference: Coverage of Basic Sciences toward the World's Sustainability Challanges, BaSIC 2018
CountryIndonesia
CityMalang, East Java
Period6/03/187/03/18

Keywords

  • Crops
  • management
  • medicinal plants

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