A design of palm oil and diesel oil fuel mixture heater system for small scale diesel power plant

Ginas Alvianingsih, Iwa Garniwa M. K.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The high utilization and exploitation of fossil fuel have adverse environmental impacts and efforts to overcome these problems are called for. One of the options is to replace fossil fuel with palm oil which has many similar characteristics with diesel fuel. However, palm oil has higher viscosity level than diesel oil which may cause imperfect atomization in the nozzle. As a result, a heater is needed to alter the viscosity of the palm oil to be comparable to diesel oil's. Integrating the heater system into the diesel generator set, a fuel flow regulator is required to verify the viscosity level according to the standard of diesel engine. This research aims to design and analyze the performance of a heater system application on a small-scale diesel generator set with palm oil and diesel oil mixture fuel. The methods used are designing a system that is consisted of a fuel heater, a fuel flow regulator, and several supporting components based on literature study and measuring performance indicator of the integrated heater system and diesel generator under several conditions set for the experiments. From this study can be concluded that the diesel generator set operates under certain conditions such as up to 70oC fuel temperature and 50% CPO concentration in the fuel mixture. Implementation of this system produces electrical power and noise level similar to diesel fuel output. The fuel consumption and the exhaust gas temperature with palm-diesel oil mixture are higher than diesel input since palm oil has lower calorific value. The analysis of system's performance will be a valuable reference for future technological development.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Power Systems, ICHVEPS 2017 - Proceeding
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages159-164
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538609453
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2017
Event2017 International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Power Systems, ICHVEPS 2017 - Denpasar Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 2 Oct 20175 Oct 2017

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Power Systems, ICHVEPS 2017 - Proceeding
Volume2017-January

Conference

Conference2017 International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Power Systems, ICHVEPS 2017
CountryIndonesia
CityDenpasar Bali
Period2/10/175/10/17

Keywords

  • Diesel generator set
  • Heater system
  • Palm oil
  • Small scale power generation

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