A cross-sectional survey of personal hygiene positive behavior related to covid-19 prevention and control among indonesian communities

Fatma Lestari, Abdul Kadir, Muhammad Idham, Fahrul Azwar, Ganis Ramadhany, Fredy Sembiring, Ghazmahadi Ghazmahadi, Abdul Hakim, Robiana Modjo, Baiduri Widanarko, Yuni Kusminanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


People’s behaviors can affect the spread of the COVID-19 virus. Public behaviors, including proper personal hygiene and healthy life practices, the use of appropriate masks, and the application of good disinfectants, have an important role in human health and protection towards prevention and control of COVID-19 spread. This study aims to perform a survey of public behavior and best practices related to COVID-19 prevention and control among Indonesian communities. A cross-sectional study was designed to collect information using an online survey. Respondents were gathered from 34 provinces in Indonesia through the Indonesia National Safety and Health Council network and Universities network. Respondents voluntarily submitted their response to a predesigned online questionnaire. The collected data was then analyzed using SPSS 24.0. A total of 771 respondent subjects (male 386; female 385) were recruited. The results show that 96% of participants implement positive behavior of personal hygiene, including wearing a mask when going outside their house, and almost 67.3% of respondents sprayed a disinfectant in their house. The majority of participants hold a door handle (37.2%) and desk (28.1%) at a frequency of more than six times a day. There were 8.2% of participants implementing good personal hygiene, including hand-washing at least once a day and maximum of more than six times after going to the toilet. At-risk behaviors were conducted by respondents in which they touched part of their face at a frequency of once during an hour. It was identified that males are less likely to perform better hand hygiene as opposed to females. In conclusion, the study showed that positive behavior of personal hygiene related to COVID-19 has been implemented among Indonesian communities. This result suggests that positive behavior based on community-based prevention and control needs to be continually maintained in order to prevent and control COVID-19 spread.

Original languageEnglish
Article number169
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • Behaviors
  • COVID-19 control
  • COVID-19 prevention
  • Indonesian communities
  • Personal hygiene


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