A comparison of valsartan and captopril in patients with essential hypertension in Indonesia

Pramonohadi Prabowo, A. Arwanto, D. Soemantri, E. Sukandar, H. Suprihadi, I. Parsudi, M. Sulaiman Markum, P. Kabo, Ratmoko, Wiguno Prodjosudjadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adult Indonesian outpatients were randomised to receive either valsartan 80 mg once daily or captopril 25 mg twice daily for 8 weeks. The main criterion for tolerability was the incidence of adverse events. The primary efficacy variable was the change in mean sitting diastolic blood pressure (SDBP) from baseline to endpoint. No valsartan patients experienced dry cough, which was reported by 22 captopril patients (21.6%). Both drugs reduced mean SDBP and SSBP with a trend in favour of valsartan. The percentage of valsartan patients whose BP normalised was higher than in captopril patients at week 4 (37% and 22%) and week 8 (45% and 34%), the difference being statistically significant at week 4 (p < 0.05). Valsartan 80 mg once daily is as effective as captopril 25 mg twice daily in reducing blood pressure in Indonesian patients, and has a better tolerability profile in respect of dry cough.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-272
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
Volume53
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 1999

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