Comparison of the prevalence of disabilities and diseases, using the same method for health examination of school age children in Jakarta, Indonesia and Hokkaido, Japan was carried out with a view to develop a health-planning program. Thus, this study describes the differences of the prevalence of disabilities and diseases of 6 to 12-year-old school age children in Jakarta and Hokkaido, and shows that the prevalence of excessive nutrition (2.1%), visual defects (20.3%), conjunctivitis (3.2%), dental caries (93.1%) and oral diseases (16.3%) in Hokkaido were significantly higher (p<0,0001) than those in Jakarta. By contrast, the prevalence rate of malnutrition (1.2%) and infectious skin disease (0.9%) in Jakarta were significantly higher (p<0,0001) than those in Hokkaido. These differences indicated that school age children in both areas might be affected by the conditions of climate, GNP, hygiene as well as the education level.
|Journal||Journal of Dentistry Indonesia|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|