Presently, worldwide TV broadcasting system has begun shifting from analog to digital. Some factors taken into consideration for the implementation of the digital terrestrial TV broadcasting (DTTB) are improved quality of TV broadcasting, and the increased efficiency of spectrum usage. With the savings in bandwidth utilization, there will be spectrum available from analog TV broadcasting switch off, so called digital dividend. With this digital dividend, the spectrum available can either be utilized for DTTB or any other terrestrial services applications, especially mobile broadband. The re-allocation of the spectrum should be conducted in a fair and balanced manner by taking into account the needs of the TV broadcasting industry and the other wireless services, to ensure that people will get most social and economic benefit from the digital dividend. There are several factors that must be considered in determining the of allocation of spectrum for the needs of DTT B, i.e. regulation, socio-cultural, economic, and business aspects. This paper will explain the basic framework of the research work plan in order to determine the needs of spectrum allocation at UHF band for DTTB in Indonesia.