Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the difference in target lesion failure (TLF) at 3 years after double kissing (DK) crush stenting versus provisional stenting (PS) for unprotected left main distal bifurcation (UPLMb) lesions. Background: The multicenter and randomized DKCRUSH-V (Double Kissing Crush versus Provisional Stenting for Left Main Distal Bifurcation Lesions: The DKCRUSH-V Randomized Trial) study showed fewer 1-year TLF after DK crush for UPLMb lesions compared with PS. The study reports the 3-year clinical outcome of the DKCRUSH-V study. Methods: A total of 482 patients with UPLMb lesions who were randomly assigned to either the DK crush group (DK group) or PS group in the DKCRUSH-V study were followed for 3 years. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of a TLF at 3 years. Stent thrombosis (ST) was the safety endpoint. Patients were classified by lesion's complexity and NERS (New Risk Stratification) II or SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery) score. Results: At 3 years, TLF occurred in 41 (16.9%) patients in the PS group and in 20 (8.3%) patients in the DK group (p = 0.005), mainly driven by increased target vessel myocardial infarction (5.8% vs. 1.7%; p = 0.017) and target lesion revascularization (10.3% vs. 5.0%; p = 0.029). Definite or probable ST rate at 3 years was 4.1% in the PS group and 0.4% in the DK group (p = 0.006). Notably, DK crush was associated with a significant reduction in both primary and secondary endpoints for patients with complex lesions or at high risk. Conclusions: Provisional stenting for UPLMb lesions was associated with significantly increased rates of TLF and ST over 3 years of follow-up. Further randomized study is warranted to confirm the benefits of DK crush stenting for complex UPLMb lesions. (Double Kissing and Double Crush versus Provisional T Stenting Technique for the Treatment of Unprotected Distal Left Main True Bifurcation Lesions: A Randomized, International, Multi-center Clinical Trial; ChiCTR-TRC-11001213).
- double kissing crush
- left main bifurcation lesions
- provisional stenting
- target lesion failure